When choosing an iron, it is worth paying attention first of all to its operational parameters.
- How to choose an iron for home: what to look for
- Types of Irons
- Which iron to choose
- The main criteria for choosing irons
- Iron sole material
- How much does an iron cost
- The best manufacturers of irons - which company to choose
- Iron selection video
How to choose an iron for home: what to look for
When choosing an iron for home use, it is worth paying attention to its following parameters and characteristics:
Type of iron;
The presence of wire;
Weight and size;
The presence of temperature conditions;
Features of steam supply;
Material and shape of the handle;
Body and sole material;
An iron maker is also important.
Types of Irons
In terms of size and purpose, the irons are divided into road, stationary and equipped with a steam station.
AdvantagesLow price;They can be used wherever there is a power outlet and a connection to a household electrical outlet;Compact size;disadvantagesCompact size (it takes a lot of time to smooth out a lot of things);Limited functionality.Low power (the iron may simply not warm up to iron a thick or thick fabric);
However, if you need a compact, portable or just a very cheap iron, road models will be the best option.
Stationary irons for home
Classic versions of irons for the home have the usual design - a heating ironing panel on the cable. Such solutions are somewhat portable - you can put them in a cabinet when not in use, for example.
Optimum power for most users.
- No significant flaws;
Nevertheless, such irons are the most optimal and suitable solution when buying a device for home use.
Steam Station Irons
Steam irons consist of two functional modules. The first is directly ironing, which is designed to smooth clothes. The second functional module is a steam station used to boil water.
Such irons are suitable for ironing a large number of clothes, as well as steaming dense fabrics. Due to the strong pressure of hot air, they effectively penetrate the structure of the material, refreshing it and removing dissimilar contaminants.
Effectively smooth even the most "naughty" and dense fabrics;
Suitable for handling large quantities of clothing without “refueling” the steam station.
Can be used for steaming and refreshing clothes;
They differ in large dimensions and are intended mainly for stationary use;
They have high requirements for water quality.
When choosing such an iron, it is worth paying attention first of all to the length of the connecting cord between the iron itself and its steam station. It should be no less than a meter, otherwise it will be at least inconvenient to use it.
Which iron to choose
When choosing an iron for a home, you should decide on its planned use:
If you plan to use it away from the volume, or just want to save as much as possible - the road model will do;
Stationary irons are intended for ordinary, everyday use at home;
For "professional" ironing, steaming and processing of dense fabrics, irons with a steam station are suitable.
For most users, a regular stationary iron is suitable.
The main criteria for choosing irons
When choosing an iron, you should first of all pay attention to the following characteristics and features:
Weight and size;
Wired or wireless design;
Features of working with steam (built-in boiler, separate steam station);
Ergonomic parameters (shape and material of the handle, cord length);
Weight and Iron Size
The weight of the iron determines not only the quality of ironing, but also the convenience of using the device. Heavy models effectively remove creases even on very dense fabrics at a low heating temperature (for example, on tweed), but at the same time cause severe hand fatigue. Light irons can not cope with thick materials, but you can use them for as long as you like.
Before purchasing an iron, it is advisable to weigh it in your hand. If it seems uncomfortable - and at the same time it is planned to use it very often - then it is better to choose a model for a friend, easier or heavier.
The optimal weight for irons is 1-2 kg. Heavier models will be at least inconvenient, and light ones belong to the category of road.
The length and width of the soleplate determines the speed of ironing. The larger it is, the faster it will be possible to straighten folds on clothes. However, extremely large irons can be inconvenient if you need to smooth out small elements of things like decorative inserts.
Optimum for home use is a width of 10-15 cm, and a length of 20-25 cm. Larger ones are advisable to purchase for use in "industrial" purposes (for example, dry cleaners), and compact ones belong to the category of road ones.
Wired or wireless design
Stationary irons can be made in two power options - wired and wireless. They are distinguished by ease of use, but have a similar design. From her point of view, iron is just a heating element.
In wire-type irons, the sole heats up constantly. Once it reaches the set temperature, the controller simply maintains the heat level.
Uniform, constant temperature;
High quality ironing, especially large quantities of laundry.
The power cable may interfere with ironing, preventing it from reaching from one edge of the board to the other;
Cable and socket are the most unreliable functional elements that can be damaged during regular or active use of the iron.
Wireless irons are spared these shortcomings. By the principle of their work, they are similar to household electric kettles. After installation on the base, the iron begins to heat up, and when it reaches a certain temperature, you can begin to iron clothes. In the process of "anti-crease" the device cools down. Therefore, it will have to be regularly returned to the base.
Long operational period due to the removal of unreliable elements.
The process of ironing a large number of clothes may require a lot of time due to the constant heating of the iron;
You can not install it in an upright position (even if the instruction allows).
The iron is not suitable for steaming clothes;
As a result, the wireless iron is suitable for home use only if you need to iron a relatively small amount of clothing. Or as an addition to the usual, wired.
Features of working with steam
Almost all modern irons are equipped with a function of steaming clothes. It simplifies smoothing of folds, and also makes the material softer and more pleasant to the touch. The steaming mode can be structurally implemented in one of two ways - either a built-in boiler or a separate station.
Steam irons with integrated boiler
Irons with a built-in boiler are equipped with a tank for filling water, which is located directly in the device.
Smaller dimensions of the device;
Additional function of spraying water on clothes.
Higher steam temperature;
Increased requirements for water quality;
It is impossible to process clothes with a powerful stream of steam.
The possibility of condensation;
Such irons are suitable for steaming clothes directly during ironing. In addition, they are not recommended for use with heat-sensitive fabrics.
Irons with a separate steam station create a powerful steam flow.
Long steaming time;
Steam temperature does not damage delicate fabrics;
The possibility of deep steaming, including dense fabrics;
Relatively short connecting hose;
Such devices should be purchased if it is planned to process dense fabrics or a large number of clothes, while the limited length of the connecting hose is not a problem.
If deep steaming is planned, it is worth paying attention to such a feature as steam boost performance. It is measured in grams per minute. The higher the steam boost performance, the more hot air is emitted by the iron.
For example, models with a steam boost of more than 70 grams per minute are capable of steaming even very dense fabrics (tweed, jeans), and are also suitable for cleaning and refreshing pillows and upholstered furniture. But if it exceeds 200 g / min, the iron can even clean the carpet.
Similarly, this parameter is valid for flow rate with constant steam supply:
Up to 20 grams per minute - suitable for steaming thin fabrics (cotton, knitwear);
20-70 grams per minute - steaming almost any tissue;
More than 70 grams per minute - steaming high-density fabrics.
The higher the productivity with a constant supply of steam or with a steam boost, the stronger the iron consumes the water that has been poured into it. Therefore, it makes no sense to purchase high-power models without a separate steam station - they will have to be "refueled" literally every few minutes.
It is also worth mentioning the existence of irons without a steam generator. In most cases, these are the simplest and most budget models. They slightly complicate the process of ironing clothes due to the lack of a steaming mode, but if the cost is critical, you can look at such devices.
The higher the power of the iron, the faster it warms up and the higher the temperature it can reach. For home use, it is worth purchasing models designed for 700-1500 watts. More powerful ones are suitable if you need very quick warming up or ironing at extremely high temperatures.
Models rated at less than 700 watts can be used as road models. And also they are suitable if by the time of heating there are no special requirements or ironing almost constantly occurs at low temperature conditions.
The number of temperature conditions does not affect the functionality of the iron too much. Acquiring models with a huge number of supported settings makes sense only if they plan to iron fabrics that are hypersensitive to changes in temperature - some types of synthetics, silk, chiffon, nylon.
But if you plan to iron the above fabrics (usually they are equipped with a label with the symbol "Do not iron"), then it is better to purchase a model with support for ultra-low temperature conditions - up to 60 degrees.
The optimal number of temperature conditions for the iron is three: up to 110 degrees, 110-150 degrees, more than 150 degrees.
Ergonomic parameters (cord length, material and shape of the handle) determine the convenience of using the iron rather than its performance.
The length of the cord should be such as to ensure free movement of the iron over the entire surface of the ironing board. Its optimal value is 1.5 meters. Irons with shorter cords should be purchased only if the outlet is located approximately in the middle of the ironing board. Longer ones will interfere, folding rings on clothes or clinging to different surfaces. However, this is a parameter for home use. But for sewing ateliers, irons with longer power cords are suitable.
The material of the handle should be such as to maintain a low or comfortable temperature even with prolonged ironing. These may be some types of plastic or similar polymer compounds. But metal is not the best choice.
The shape of the handle should be free of sharp corners. Only then will the iron be convenient even with very long use.
Auto shut off
Automatic shutdown is one of the most necessary functions of the iron. She will make it as safe as possible. Therefore, it is worth choosing models equipped with it.
In most cases, the shutdown is implemented through motion tracking. If the iron has not moved for 30 seconds in the horizontal or 8 minutes in the vertical position, it turns off.
Another useful feature for irons with a built-in steam boiler. It is advisable to choose models equipped with it.
If the anti-scale protection is not directly implemented in the iron, it is recommended to use it with pre-softened and purified water. This will prevent clogging of the device’s internal communications.
Iron sole material
The sole of irons can be made of the following materials - aluminum, ceramics, cermets, stainless steel, teflon or titanium.
Irons with aluminum soles
Aluminum is the simplest and most inexpensive material. It is from it that the soles of irons of the lower price segment are made.
Fast and uniform warming up of the sole.
Easy to scratch;
They leave brilliant marks on some types of materials.
Stainless steel sole irons
Stainless steel is the logical development of the use of metals for the soles of irons. It is from it that these contact plates are made in most models of the middle price segment.
Well, evenly warm up;
They keep the temperature for a long time (which reduces the energy consumption of the iron);
Practically do not wash off pollution;
They have a high mass.
Irons with steel soles are clearly not recommended for ironing dyed fabrics or items made from combined synthetic materials that can melt when in contact with high temperature.
Titanium sole irons
Titanium is the most expensive metal used in the soles of irons.
They keep the temperature well;
Do not stain and easily wash off adhering dirt.
Warm up longer than steel or aluminum;
Ceramic sole irons
Ceramics are the best alternative for metals. It has maximum smoothness, which allows it to be used with particularly sensitive materials.
Suitable for ironing materials with a very high sensitivity to mechanical stress (silk, nylon);
They warm up quickly and keep the temperature well;
Have excellent glide;
They can be painted upon contact with coloring materials.
Cermets are not as fragile as ordinary, but otherwise the advantages and disadvantages of these two materials are similar.
Teflon is one of the most modern materials from which the soles of irons can be made.
Do not “collect fibers”, do not stain, synthetic materials do not stick to them when melted.
Excellent quality ironing at low temperatures;
Extremely sensitive to scratches;
Differ in high cost.
Many manufacturers also use combination materials, such as a steel-coated aluminum frame or an annealed ceramic steel frame. Such solutions provide better performance than those made from any one substance.
Among the additional functions that determine the practicality of the iron, we can distinguish:
Continuous steam involves active steaming of clothes during ironing. A useful feature for those people who are accustomed to cleaning and freshening materials using steam.
Steam boost - short-term steam supply with high intensity. It can be used to clean things or to process thick or multilayer materials.
Vertical steaming allows you to replace the steamer with iron - with hot air you can process hanging things or fabric decorative items like curtains. Unfortunately, due to the high mass of the device, your hands may get tired. Therefore, this function is useful, but with infrequent use.
Spray Designed to wet clothes. Some wet fabrics are better ironed - even better than when steaming. In addition, the sprayer replaces the spray gun, which is used if linen made from natural materials (cotton, linen) is dry.
Drip systemas the name implies, avoids condensation droplets appearing on the surface of the soleplate of the iron during steaming. The function is quite practical if you need to smooth sensitive and delicate tissues.
Sole self-cleaning - a very useful feature. However, it is not implemented in all irons, and the models equipped with it are distinguished by high cost. Not all users can afford to overpay several thousand rubles for the opportunity not to periodically wipe the sole with a cloth.
Automatic cord reeling makes iron storage more convenient. But the disadvantages are that the size of the device becomes larger. If you plan to use the iron often and regularly - it simply is not necessary.
How much does an iron cost
The cost of irons depends on the type, functionality, power and material of the sole. So, budget road and stationary models have a price tag of literally several hundred rubles.
Most models of stationary irons are in the price range of 1-3 thousand rubles. Configurations with a steam station cost an average of 8-12 thousand rubles.
The best manufacturers of irons - which company to choose
One of the best manufacturers of irons are the following companies:
Vitek, Scarlett - manufacturers of low-cost, but at the same time high-quality irons;
Rowenta, Philips, Bosch - produce high-quality mid-range solutions;
Tefal, Braun - the best manufacturers of irons of the top and top price range.
Among the manufacturers of budget irons, Maxwell can be distinguished.
In the following articles we tell you how to choose the right steam cleaner for your home and the secrets of choosing a steamer for clothes.
Iron selection video
Attention! This material is the subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a guide to the purchase.